National Technology Day: Why is it celebrated?

National Technology Day 2022

Know the history and importance of today

 On 11 May, we celebrate National Technology Day every year. During the ongoing pandemic times, this day holds a special significance. This day glorifies the importance of science and technology in our day-to-day life and inspires us to adopt science as a field of career. We express gratitude to our brilliant scientists and their efforts on this day.

National Technology Day:

Today is a very special day for India and this day marks the anniversary of the Pokhran nuclear tests of 1998. This day signifies the scientific and technological advancement that India has made.

PM Modi expressed the gratitude for 1998 ‘Pokhran’ Test. To know more, click on- national technology day pm modi expresses gratitude for 1998 pokhran tests

Why is it celebrated?

In our country, every year, May 11 is observed as National Technology Day. On 11 May 1998, Pokhran II was initiated with the explosion of 2 fission and 1 fusion bomb. After that, on 11 May 1999, India celebrated its first National Technology Day.

Also, on May 11, India conducted its nuclear missile Shakti, known as Operation Shakti.

National Technology Day theme 2022:

The theme of National Technology Day varies every year. This year’s theme: “Integrated Approach in Science and Technology for a sustainable future”. This theme was launched by Union Minister Jitendra Singh.

What is the History of National Technology Day:

This day has its interesting history. P.M. Late  Sh. Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared this day the greatest achievement in history on 11 May 1998. And from there onwards, this day is celebrated as National Technology Day. There was a series of 5 nuclear tests in the Pokhran nuclear test.

National Technology Day Timeline:


Nuclear Physicist Homi Bhabha established the Tata Institute of Fundamental research. This institute is dedicated to basic research in Mathematics and Science.


China lost India in October 1962 in the Himalayan border war. It inspired the New Delhi govt. for developing nuclear weapons as a means to terrify Chinese aggression. In 1967, India decided to build nuclear weapons.


Operation Smiling Buddha was assigned the code name of India’s first successful nuclear test on 18 May 1974. But, this operation was near failure according to a secret US assessment. But, it does not explain the reason for it to arrive at such a conclusion.


Operation Shakti-98 was the name assigned to the series of tests that consists of 1 fusion bomb and 4 fission bombs. On 13 May 1998, shortly after the explosion of all 5 bombs, P.M. Late Sh. Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared India a full-fledged nuclear state.

What is the latest situation in India on technology?

India is moving towards development in the field of science and technology. Even during the Covid-19 Pandemic, India has developed many new technologies. India has natively developed masks, hand sanitizer machines and vaccines etc.

Why National Technology Day is important?

  • It is a symbol of Technological advancement.  The progress of any nation can be defined by what it has achieved in science and technology. And this day symbolises all the things that can be achieved with the proper use of technology.
  • It is an important day in India’s history. This day is a monumental part of India’s history. It highlights all the great achievements that India has achieved in technology.
  • It encourages research. A success story like this inspires more development and growth in technology. It inspires all its young citizens to do better in the field of science and technology

National Technology Day FAQs:

May 11 is celebrated annually to remember the scientific and technological achievements of Indian scientists and engineers. India achieved multiple notable technological progressions.

Former Indian Prime Minister, Late Sh. Atal Bihari Vajpayee coined this term to celebrate the contributions made by Indian scientists.

Russia and United States continue to possess the most extensive nuclear weapons. Russia has 6,255 warheads while the US has 5,550.


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